Iot Innovations in home automation!

IoT innovations in Home automation
 

Hello brainiacs! This is my second blog on IoT projects with integrated micro computer boards. Make sure you read the previous one to get a clarity about these projects.

This article is going to be solely on the application- home automation. Also, I would mention which product is the best to complete these projects. But before we dive into the details, do we know what home automation is actually about?


Home Automation is a central system that can control and create communication between nearly all aspects of your house. A Home Automation system will allow you to automate things you want done on a regular basis or have an action occur when a particular event takes place. Home automation is an appealing context for the Internet of Things (IoT), by connecting the IP gateway directly to the Internet or through a home/residential gateway; this system can be managed remotely using a PC, Smart phone, Tablet or other devices

 

Smart home technology, also often referred to as domotics,  provides homeowners security, comfort, convenience and energy efficiency by allowing them to control smart devices, often by a smart home app on their smartphone or other networked device.New home automation technology can send alerts to your smartphone and notify you about unforeseen events while you're away from home. Such as water leaks, visitors at your front your door, and even remotely turning on lights while you're on vacation, at work, or anywhere else.


No wonders, home automation in India is already the buzz word, especially as the wave of second generation home owners grows, they want more than shelter, water, and electricity. Key features of Home automation are convinience, safety, energy saving and open to customisation. 

Ditching the technical definition, let's get more practical. How will you start? What are the essentials for making a home automation IoT project? After great research, i was able to divide the process into three main sections.


1) Main Controller
2) Communication interface
3) Control methods
Now, let's see what they really are.

Main Controller:-

The Main controller is usually a computer of some sort, although many times it does not look like a computer at all. There are some systems that do use an actual home computer but these are usually not as reliable. The advantage to having a separate controller is it's focus is only on all of the Home Automation tasks.


Communication interface:-


Touch Panels, Keypads, Remotes, and Mobile Devices are all part of communication interface. They are usually connected by a single platform. This is where IoT comes into picture. Your controller is most likely hooked up to your home network and also the Internet, this means that you will be able to access your home automation system when you are on the road. Turn lights off, turn the heat up before you come home, and view web cams in your house. 


Control Methods:-


Perhaps this section should be entitled communication. We now have a controller, interfaces to interact with the controller, and sensors that tell the controller what things are occurring in the house but how does the complete process takes place in the core? Here's the answer.
Controllers can communicate and control the many differnet parts of a Home Automation System in a variety of ways. Some of these are IP (Internet Protocol sp), WiFi, IR, Serial Data, and Relays (for motorization)


So one should be entirely aware of the three parts to be able to make a project stand out and eventually contribute to the existing ideas in home automation.


Application-based Home Automation:-
Technology uses your home network to communicate with the Cloud. Cloud technology is a vital part of the Internet of Things, and both have grown very popular in the last few years. Most app based smart devices work by connecting your Home-Automation devices to your home network via Wi-Fi. Those devices connect to a severer somewhere, which you then access through apps on your smart device.


Once you have created a personalized account with these apps you can coordinate with your Smart Home devices. This way the company knows which device goes with which app user.  As long you and your smart home devices are connected to the Internet, you can communicate back and forth with most of these cloud-based Home-Automation devices from anywhere. Listed below are few important elements involved in IoT application protocols.


IPv6: The reason why IPv6 is so important for an IP based Internet Of Things is because of that large address which uses 128bit for addressing the network interfaces (as mentioned above). 


6LoWPAN: The 6LoWPAN concept originated from the idea that "the Internet Protocol could and should be applied even to the smallest devices," and that low-power devices with limited processing capabilities should be able to participate in the Internet of Things.


CoAP: The constrained application protocol is designed especially for small, low power devices. It is a RESTful protocol and can be easily transformed to HTTP. 
oBIX: It is an open XML whose basic idea is to encapsulate all the devices in the home automation environment into one object and identify it by a unique URI.

How can Odinub help you?

For the following specifications, Odinub is the first choice of developers. Odinub has a Octavo System OSD3358, Cortex A8 32-bit SiP 1GHz processor along with a storage capacity of 4 GB eMMC and 512 MB DDR3L memory. This makes it the best fit for designing the automation system.
Odinub reduces a system's overall cost, by reducing the number of circuit boards required.


Because of the very high levels of integration, reduced component counts and reduced connector counts, SBCs are often smaller, lighter, more power efficient and more reliable than comparable multi-board computers.

 

For being an expert in home automation using IoT, althe knowledge of technology, and software is very important. But what's more important is using the correct interface, which Odinub provides. On a personal note, while going through the few home automations projects, I came across this one project which happened to use the Wifi and GPIO of Odinub, along with an application to prepare a fire cloud base cloud. I absolutely loved the idea and wanted to share it with you all. Do check out all aspects of the project by clicking here.

 

That was all for this article, do share about the IoT based home projects you have worked on or studied about. Keep innovating, keep reading!

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